Fatigue: Before, During, and After Birth

  • depression and anxiety are related at 28 and 36 weeks of pregnancy1
  • increase as labor progresses2
  • patterned breathing exceedingly increased tiredness in the last phase of labor3,4
  • may interfere with the ability of the mother to take for the infant5
Milligan R, Lenz E, Parks P, Pugh L, Kitzman H. Postpartum fatigue: clarifying a concept. Sch Inq Nurs Pract. 1996;10(3):279-291. [PubMed]
Pugh L. Childbirth and the measurement of fatigue. J Nurs Meas. 1993;1(1):57-66. [PubMed]
Lamaze International: Position paper on Paced breathing.
Pugh LC, Milligan R. A framework for the study of childbearing fatigue. Advances in Nursing Science. 1993;15(4):60-70. doi:10.1097/00012272-199306000-00007
Parks PL, Elizabeth R. L, Renee A. M, Hae-Ra H. What Happens When Fatigue Lingers for 18 Months After Delivery? Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 1999;28(1):87-93. doi:10.1111/j.1552-6909.1999.tb01969.x