Doctors, Midwives, and Doulas

 

Doctors

  • may overuse interventions which lacks benefits, increase cost, and poses risk1

Nurse Midwives

  • has increased birth rate2

Midwives

  • are safe3
  • countries that use midwives have a decline in low-birthweight2

Doulas

  • has reduced c-section rates4
  • may shorten length of labor4
  • has reduced the use of pitocin4
  • has reduced the use of forceps4
  • has reduced the request for painkillers and epidurals4
1.
Enkin M, Keirse MJNC, Neilson J, et al. Effective care in pregnancy and childbirth: a synopsis. Guide to Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth. June 2000:485-508. doi: 10.1093/med/9780192631732.003.0050
2.
Midwifery and childbirth in America. Choice Reviews Online. 1998;35(07):35-3906-35-3906. doi: 10.5860/choice.35-3906
3.
Nichols F H, Humenick S Smith. Childbirth Education: Practice, Research and Theory. Saunders; 2000.
4.
Klaus M H, Kennell J H, Klaus P H. Mothering the Mother. Da Capo Press; 1993.
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