Childbirth Classes

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Pros

  • higher satisfaction1–6
  • less medication3,7–9
  • less complications8
  • less fetal distress8
  • less pain3–5,10
  • less anesthesia5,11,12
  • less fetal distress13
  • less painkillers12
  • less use of forceps3,12
  • less anxiety14
  • shorter labor11,14
  • beneficial to high-risk15,16
  • parents have a greater bond with their baby2,17

Lamaze

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Same as not doing a class

  • length of labor6–8,12,13,20–24
  • chance of complications20–22,24
  • satisfaction9
  • pain14,22,23
  • chance of forceps being used22
  • anesthesia21

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1.
Van Eps LW. Psychoprophylaxis in labor. Lancet. 1955;269:112.
2.
Areskog B, Uddenberg N, Kjessler B. Postnatal emotional balance in women with and without antenatal fear of childbirth. J. 1984;28(3):213-220. doi:10.1016/0022-3999(84)90022-9
3.
Cogan R. Effects of childbirth preparation. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1980;23(1):1-14. [PubMed]
4.
Tanzer D. Why Natural Childbirth? New York: Schocken; 1972.
5.
Charles A, Norr K, Block C, Meyering S, Meyers E. Obstetric and psychological effects of psychoprophylactic preparation for childbirth. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1978;131(1):44-52. [PubMed]
6.
Patton L, English E, Hambleton J. Childbirth preparation and outcomes of labor and delivery in primiparous women. J Fam Pract. 1985;20(4):375-378. [PubMed]
7.
Enkin MW, Smith SI, Dermer SS, Emmett JO. An adequate control study of the effectiveness of PPM training. In N. Morris (Ed.). Psychosomatic medicine in obstetrics and gynecology. 1972:62-67. Basel: Steiner.
8.
Timm M. Prenatal education evaluation. Nurs Res. 1979;28(6):338-342. [PubMed]
9.
Moore D. Prepared childbirth and marital satisfaction during the antepartum and postpartum periods. Nurs Res. 1983;32(2):73-79. [PubMed]
10.
Manderino M, Bzdek V. Effects of modeling and information on reactions to pain: a childbirth-preparation analogue. Nurs Res. 1984;33(1):9-14. [PubMed]
11.
Van Auken WBD, Tomlinson DR. An appraisal of patient training for childbirth. A. 1953;66(1):100-105. doi:10.1016/0002-9378(53)90291-9
12.
Scott J, Rose N. Effect of psychoprophylaxis (Lamaze preparation) on labor and delivery in primiparas. N Engl J Med. 1976;294(22):1205-1207. [PubMed]
13.
Hughey M, McElin T, Young T. Maternal and fetal outcome of Lamaze prepared parents. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1978;51:643.
14.
Bergström-Walan M-B. Efficacy of education for childbirth. J. 1963;7(2):131-146. doi:10.1016/0022-3999(63)90024-2
15.
Zacharias J. Childbirth education classes: effects on attitudes toward childbirth in high-risk indigent women. JOGN Nurs. 1981;10(4):265-267. [PubMed]
16.
Pitzer M, Toussant K. Bench clinics: A creative why to present childbirth education. Birth. 1995;1:205.
17.
Doering SG, Entwisle DR, Quinlan D. Modeling the Quality of Women’s Birth Experience. J. 1980;21(1):12. doi:10.2307/2136690
18.
Dooher M. Lamaze method of childbirth. Nurs Res. 1980;29(4):220-224. [PubMed]
19.
Koehn ML. Effectiveness of Prepared Childbirth and Childbirth Satisfaction. The Journal of Perinatal Education. 1992;1(2):35-43.
20.
HOGAN M, LAIRD M. An elective program on preparation for childbirth at the Sloane Hospital for Women, May, 1951, to June, 1953. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1956;72(3):641-647. [PubMed]
21.
RODWAY H. Education for childbirth and its results. J Obstet Gynaecol Br Emp. 1957;64(4):545-560. [PubMed]
22.
Huttel FA, Mitchell I, Fisher W, Meyer A. Qualitative evaluation of psychoprophylaxis in childbirth. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 1972;16:81.
23.
Davenport-Slack B, Boylan CH. Psychological Correlates of Childbirth Pain. P. 1974;36(3):215-223. doi:10.1097/00006842-197405000-00004
24.
Bennett A, Hewson D, Booker E, Holliday S. Antenatal Preparation and Labor Support in Relation to Birth Outcomes. B. 1985;12(1):9-16. doi:10.1111/j.1523-536x.1985.tb00924.x
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