• can save the baby’s life


  • increase chance of death to mother and child
  • almost 3 times more likely of the death of the mother
  • doubles unexplained stillbirth when the woman had a previous C-section
  • 2-6% cuts into the baby
  • babies are twice as likely to be placed in neonatal intensive care
  • elective C-section can increase the risk of a premature baby
  • babies are three times as likely to have serious pulmonary disorders
  • causes abdominal tension1


  • 52% of emergency C-sections are done because of fetal distress
  • can take over 30 minutes from the time of decision to the time of incision
Nichols F H, Humenick S Smith. Childbirth Education: Practice, Research and Theory. Saunders; 2000.